Functional Safety Assessment 3 (FSA) is mandatory in accordance with IEC 61511. FSA’s are undertaken in addition to the traditional activities of verification, validation and functional safety audits. FSA’s are performed to ensure that functional safety has been achieved within the specific scope of supply for the organisation(s) in the context of the SIS Safety Lifecycle.


FSA’s assess if appropriate methods, techniques and processes have been used to achieve functional safety, in relation to design, implementation and installation of Safety Instrumented System. IEC 61511 Part 1, clause 5 defines as to when, how, who and why in addition to the levels of independence required of the organisation and staff implementing the FSA’s.


Some may argue that this only concerns the Logic Solver, but fail to realise the essence of Functional Safety Management and failure of SIS could be attributed to failure of Input sub-systems (i.e. sensors, transmitters) and equally to failure of Final Elements (ESD Valves, Contactor, I/R Relay, MCC Relays, etc). FSA is about assessing each sub-system to ensure appropriate planning, recording, analysis has been performed, related to SIS, during each lifecycle stage to reduce systematic and common cause failures.


An Audit is a systematic and independent examination to determine whether the procedures specific to the functional safety requirements comply with the planned arrangements, are implemented effectively and are suitable to achieve the specified objectives. SIS Audits are usually carried out to ensure that the SIS Implementation meets the requirements of SIS Design Requirements specified in SIS Requirements Specification, Plant Safety Philosophies, (SRS) Safety Requirements Specification and (PRS) Process Requirements Specification.


Our experienced Consultants have carried out FSA Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3 (mandatory) and Stage 4 FSA’s. We have also identified gaps during the FSA and provided recommendations to customers to enable them to close those gaps.


Other Safety Instrumented System services Fulcran offer are:


  • SIS Requirements Specifications Development
  • Safety Requirements Specification Development
  • Process Requirements Specification Development
  • SIS Functional Design Specification
  • Relevant P&IDs and Cause and Effects
  • SIS I/O Schedules and Loop Drawings
  • Inspection and Test Plan
  • SIS Integration Test Procedures
  • Functional Safety Management System
  • SIS Safety Lifecycle Plan
  • HAZOP, CHAZOP Report
  • SIL Calculation Report
  • SIL Verification Report (depending on FSA stage)


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